Cloud IAM Glossary

Dive into the world of Cloud IAM and discover key terms like JIT access, PBAC, and least privilege through our detailed glossary.

What is 23 NYCRR 500?

New York State's cybersecurity regulation requiring financial services firms to implement protective measures against cyber risks.

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ABAC vs PBAC

Modern access control methods where ABAC sets permissions based on user attributes like seniority and geo-location, while PBAC uses company policies to determine access rights.

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What is AWS SSM System Manager?

A management service that helps to manage and understand AWS resources and applications.

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What is Access Control?

A security technique used to regulate who or what can view or use resources in a computer environment, enhancing organizational security.

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What is Access Provisioning?

The process of creating, managing, and deleting user accounts and permissions within a system.

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What are Access Requests?

A feature enabling individuals to seek permission for accessing specific resources or information.

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What is Account Takeover?

A type of identity theft where cybercriminals gain unauthorized access to secure accounts for monetary or personal gain, often unnoticed by the original account holder. Protect yourself against it.

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Active Directory vs LDAP

Differences between two methods of managing network resources, authentication, and access control in your computing environment.

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What are Approval Workflows?

Predefined steps for the review and approval of access requests which supports a least privilege access model to minimize cybersecurity risks.

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Authorization vs Authentication

Two crucial security measures in IT; understand their differences, roles in access control, and their significance in keeping your data safe.

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What is Azure Bastion?

A fully-managed service that provides secure and seamless RDP and SSH access to virtual machines directly through the Azure Portal.

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BaFin

Officially known as the Federal Financial Supervisory Authority, BaFin is Germany's regulatory body overseeing all financial industry sectors to ensure market stability and integrity.

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What is Birthright Access?

Access rights and privileges that an individual gains by default based on their role within an organization.

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What is Blast Radius?

The potential impact or damage that could be caused by a system failure or security breach.

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What is Break-glass Access?

An emergency procedure for gaining secure, high-level system access during crises.

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What is BYOI?

A digital authentication model that allows users to use pre-established identifiers to verify themselves.

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What is Brute Force?

A trial-and-error method used to obtain information such as passwords, using exhaustive efforts.

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What is CIEM?

Cloud Infrastructure Entitlement Management is a security approach designed to manage and control user identities and their access rights in cloud platforms.

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What is Cloud Access Management?

A key aspect of information technology that regulates and manages user access to cloud-based resources

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What is Cloud IAM?

A technology framework that facilitates secure access control for cloud resources and services.

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What is Cloud PAM?

A category of security solutions for managing, monitoring, and securing privileged access across cloud environments.

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What is Cloud Permission Management?

A key aspect of cloud services that aids in controlling access, setting user roles, and ensuring data safety in a cloud environment.

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What is Conditional Access?

A security feature that allows system administrators to control who can access certain information or systems.

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What is Credential Harvesting?

sophisticated cyberattacks that trick users into revealing their login credentials, often used in identity theft and fraud.

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What is Credential Leakage?

The unauthorized exposure or disclosure of securely stored login information, posing significant security risks for individuals or businesses in the digital sphere.

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What is Credential Rotation?

The periodic changing of security credentials (like passwords, API keys) to protect account and data integrity in a digital environment.

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What is Credential Stuffing?

To automatic large scale login attempts by hackers using stolen or leaked credentials, leaving accounts vulnerable to unauthorized access and fraud.

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What is Credential Theft?

The malicious practice of stealing personal data, typically usernames and passwords, often leading to identity theft and unauthorized system access.

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What is Customer Data Access Management?

A strategic process that oversees who has access to customer data, ensuring security while enhancing business operations and compliance.

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What is Database Access Management?

A crucial aspect of data security, dictating who is authorized to manipulate and control databases within a network environment.

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DevOps vs DevSecOps

The integration of development and operations versus incorporating security into this mix.

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What is Entitlement Management?

A process that controls individuals' access rights in software systems, ensuring security and compliance.

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What is Ephemeral Access?

Temporary access granted to a user for a specific task or time-period, bolstering security by limiting prolonged exposure to potential threats.

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What are Excessive Permissions?

Granting more access rights or privileges to users than they require - one of security's longest-standing and biggest risks.

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What is FedRamp?

A government-wide program standardizing security assessment for cloud services and products.

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What is Federated Access?

A method enabling the use of one set of login credentials across multiple systems.

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What is Fine Grained Authorization?

A security model that provides highly detailed, context-sensitive access control to protect sensitive data.

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What is HITRUST?

A universally recognized security framework, provides protection for sensitive information and ensures compliance with healthcare regulations.

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What is ISO 27001?

A standard for information security management systems, helping organizations keep their information assets secure. Expand your understanding with our curated glossary.

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What is Identity Aware Proxy?

A service that controls access to cloud applications by verifying user identities and their privileges.

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What is IGA?

A cybersecurity framework to manage and monitor digital identities and access rights within an organization.

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What is Identity Provider?

A system entity that creates, maintains, and manages identity information for principals.

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What is Identity Security?

A system that guards personal and confidential information, preventing unauthorized access or fraud.

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What is ITDR?

A security framework that identifies, analyzes, and responds to potential breaches in digital identity data.

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What is IAM?

A security discipline ensuring right individuals access the correct resources at the right times for rightful reasons.

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Insider Threat

A security risk originating from within an organization, often by employees or third-party contractors who have access to sensitive data or systems.

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What are Joiners-Movers-Leavers (JML)?

An HR model denoting employees who join, move within, or leave a company, offering insights into workforce management.

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Just Enough Access

A security principle in information technology that allows users limited network access to perform their duties without unnecessary privileges.

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What is Just in Time Access?

A security strategy that minimizes potential for unauthorized access by granting privileges only when needed.

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What is Least Privilege Access?

A security concept in which a user is given the minimum levels of access necessary to complete their job functions, preventing unauthorized data access.

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What is MFA Bypass?

Unauthorized actions that bypass multi-factor authentication systems, posing a major security threat in both personal and business environments.

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What is Multi-factor Authentication?

A security system that requires multiple methods of verification to authorize user access.

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What is On-call Access Management?

A crucial IT practice, ensuring controlled, timely access to systems, particularly in cloud, SaaS, and DevOps environments, enhancing cybersecurity and operational efficiency.

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What are Orphaned Accounts?

Inactive or unclaimed user profiles in a digital system, posing potential security risks that require monitoring and management.

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What are Permission Bundles?

Sets of access rights or authorizations grouped together for convenience in system management.

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What is Privilege Abuse?

The misuse of rights or permissions granted to system users, often leading to unauthorized access to sensitive information or malicious operations.

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What is PEDM?

A system controlling access rights, enabling certain users to perform advanced tasks in a secure manner.

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What is PAM?

A vital IT security strategy that manages and monitors privileged user accounts to protect against unauthorized access.

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What is RBAC?

A popular method to regulate access to computer or network resources based on users' roles within an organization.

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What is Role Mining?

A process in identity management that identifies user access and authorization patterns, assisting optimization and security within business networks.

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SAML vs SCIM

Both SAML and SCIM exist to enhance security and simplify authentication, but they serve slightly different functions.

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What is SOC 2?

A comprehensive audit framework for service organizations, ensuring the security, availability, and confidentiality of customer data.

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What is SOX?

The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 is crucial legislation that establishes broad legal standards for corporate and auditing accountability to prevent fraudulent activities.

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What is Single Sign-On?

A user authentication process allowing access to multiple applications with one set of credentials.

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Social Engineering vs Phishing

Two cybersecurity threats that involve user manipulation and have an impact on online safety.

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What are Static Credentials?

Unchanging login information used for authentication, posing potential security risks if inadequately protected or shared.

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What is Temporary Elevated Access?

Time-limited authorization granted to certain users for high-level tasks in a digital system or network, enhancing security measures.

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What is GLBA?

A US law requiring financial institutions to explain their information-sharing practices to protect customer data.

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Universal Directory vs Active Directory

Two major identity management solutions with differences in system flexibility, scalability, integration capabilities and adoption across businesses.

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What is User Access Review?

The process of validating or updating user privileges in a system.

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What is Zero Standing Privileges?

A principle for limiting user permissions to minimum necessary for their role, reducing vulnerability.

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What is Zero Trust Network Access?

A security model that requires strict identity verification for every user and device, regardless of location.

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